It is Asparagus Varieties in Preparation for Tasting, We've been reviewing crown and seed suppliers to help you buy online here. copyright 2023 Mequoda Systems, LLC 2023 Gardening Know How, Future US LLC, Full 7th Floor, 130 West 42nd Street, New York, NY 10036. Has anyone found an effective way to get rid of these buggers, other than hand picking. Crowns should be ordered 3-6 months before planting to ensure that preferred varieties are available. In addition, because it tends to have more sugar than other varieties of asparagus, it is also much sweeter in taste. Grower experience suggests these varieties are better suited to excessively well-drained soils than 'UG Millennium,' but may not perform as well on soils with higher clay content that drain slower. Viking is known to produce large yields. Purple spotcauses sunken purple spots on asparagus spears, and tan spots with a purple border on mature stems. A great way to get the earliest cash crop in town or to extend your garden season. Their spears are very thick and they are a perennial plant so you can enjoy them for many years to come. to mid season and has an Award of Garden Merit from the Royal As its name suggests it produces purple spears which are Add the fertilizer alongside the row of plants and scratch it in lightly. These buds and roots are called crowns. If spears are left to grow, they develop leaves and are called ferns. Asparagus harvest is only two months instead of the entire season, because the plants need a chance to let the ferns grow in order to recover and build up energy for the next year. Because of this, it is not normally necessary to wear gloves when youre picking wild asparagus plants. learn more about how asparagus spreads in my article here. The plant itself can grow up to five feet tall while the asparagus itself can get to roughly nine inches in length. 'Millennium' has emerged as the top choice of asparagus varieties in the Midwest. In the following years, harvest asparagus up to July 1. The spears are very very tender and are purple when harvested. Ferns are an important part of asparagus production. The fastest Roman athletes were known to carry asparagus toward the Alps to preserve them while Emperor Augustus created the so-called Asparagus Fleet for bringing the best asparagus finds to Rome. It It was developed by Rutgers University in New Jersey as part of the Jersey series, yielding mostly male plants. Fresh asparagus is such a springtime treat that you can eat it within hours of picking, but it can also keep for up to a week in the refrigerator. Typical cost 15 for 10 Because of this and a few other factors, white asparagus can be quite expensive up to double the amount you pay for other types of asparagus and it is actually considered a delicacy in Europe. Copyright 2018 Asparagus-lover.com all rights reserved, Left to right - Pacific Purple, Pacific 2000 and Mondeo. At both times, the cultivation must be very shallow, less than 2 inches deep. Mulching: Straw and leaves can be used for mulch in asparagus beds to help smother weeds. If you want the largest spears, these are your best options. Whilst some varieties are naturally taller or thinner than others growing conditions also affect the shape of the spears. Regents of the University of Minnesota. To plant the crowns, place them "head-to-toe" (bud-to-root tip) in a line down the furrow, so that the buds of the crowns are spaced above 12 inches apart. Asparagus spears emerge each spring from underground buds. Using herbicides in garden-scale asparagus patches. Some gardeners will not harvest during the second year at all, preferring to allow the plants to build more strength before finally beginning to harvest in the third year. It is one of the few perennial vegetables grown in Minnesota; others include horseradish and rhubarb. Plant a Fusarium-resistant hybrid, such as Jersey Gem, Jersey Giant, or Jersey Knight. Small, narrow spears will start to emerge from the soil within 2-3 weeks of planting, depending on precipitation, temperatureand amount of soil cover. Production/quality. It also grows in most climates from 45 to 85 Fahrenheit and it can even tolerate frost. This means that for the most part, crowns of the "Jersey" varieties are no longer available for growers to order. Since asparagus trials require daily harvest and data collection for around 6 weeks per year over multiple years, the logistics of collecting quality data for such a large endeavor must be carefully considered and weighed against other urgent research priorities. A good guideline is to cut asparagus spears for eating when they reach a height of 6 to 10 inches (15.2 to 25.4 centimeters). Bottom line, the choice of variety is yours so why not consider a mix of varieties just as many home growers do? Asparagus growing in sandy soil should be watered more than once per week in the absence of rain, and heavy clay soils may not need to be watered as often. Healthy, dense cover crops can help outcompete weeds, without disturbing the soil through cultivation. It can grow in heavy, medium, or sandy soils, as long as the soils must be well-drained and do not exhibit pooling water after rains. The asparagus harvest season lasts about 6-8 weeks, from early May to late June in Minnesota. Nianyan Jersey Knight Asparagus 2 Year Old Plants Bare Root Crowns All Male 25 Count. All of the furrows may be dug before the first crowns are laid down. Like other varieties of asparagus, Jersey Knight is high in fiber, potassium and folic acid, as well as vitamins A, B6 and C. Jersey Knight is hardy in U.S. Department of Agriculture. Genus name is the classical name of this plant. one source tells us that this all male hybrid has flavoursome tender Therefore, gardeners should only cultivate in the spring if it is truly necessary for removing the weeds in their patch, and if they need to add fertilizer. Join 500+ gardeners to get access to news, tips, and information. All your asparagus growing questions resolved. These roots grow tall stalks that can yield up to 3-4 times more asparagus than other varieties. This happens at the end of each harvest season, and in newly planted asparagus stands that are not harvested. learn more about Grande Hybrid asparagus from Gurneys. Having said this there are some hybrid varieties that do not produce predominantly male plants but that are well worth planting for their special qualities. Mulch the nursery bed with four to six inches of straw in late October to keep it warm during winter. Spears are the newly emerged stems of the plant. Consisting of both male and female plants, the Purple Passion asparagus actually gets lighter in color when you cook it. When started from crowns, asparagus is ready for harvest 2 to 3 years after planting. supplier claims it is good for freezing, we will have to test this Cultivation is most effective on small, young weed seedlings and is not likely to control perennial weeds or large, established annual weeds. them out.Examples include Guelph Millenium and Mondeo. The goal of the breeding program was to create a male variety of asparagus that produced more . We recommendplanting asparagus on a slight slope is recommended especially when heavier soils are present. Good soil drainage. It dates back to the 1800s. You Establishing a healthy bed of asparagus requires considerable work but, once established, youll enjoy asparagus in early spring for a very long time. Typical cost 10 crowns for 17. Note: asparagus can also spread by their red berries. Not positive though. and great flavour. Asparagus crowns should be planted 6 to 8 inches deep in light, sandy soils, but only 4 to 6 inches deep in heavier soils. You can learn more about when asparagus grows in my article here. Find more gardening information on Gardening Know How: Keep up to date with all that's happening in and around the garden. Hand-removal is the most efficient way to eliminate stubborn perennial weeds like Canada thistles and quackgrass in asparagus. It is a sturdy plant that produces large crops and it is a very tasty vegetable that can be harvested early. It is also disease resistant, which is a bonus. Precoce DArgenteuil asparagus is an heirloom variety that is popular in Europe for its sweet stalks, each topped with an attractive, rosy pink tip. It is also a great choice if your soil is sandy. Instead, it is meant to kill the weeds by heating them to high temperatures. Availability: In stock. It has dark-green spears with a little bit of purple on the bud scales and it has an especially high tolerance to fusarium. Rust can be controlled with sprays of myclobutanil or sulfur. Cold-hardy, and overwinters to zone-3. The fact it is slightly later is a plus for me as my spears often get nipped by late frost. The crown and root system can grow to a diameter of 6 feet (1.8 meters) in diameter. Use Current Location. This variety also resists asparagus rust and fusarium rot, and is one of the most winter hardy varieties. Asparagus - Jersey Knight. Read on for recommendations on how to proceed with other varieties in 2021. 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Asparagus patches should receive at least one inch of water every week. Sign up to get all the latest gardening tips! Water immediately after planting. The site for the asparagus nursery should be level and have sandy soil. They photosynthesize for several months following the spear harvest season, transporting energy to the crowns for storage over the winter. But that will dry the soil, making it clumpy and harder to work with. 4.7 out of 5 stars 15. It goes dormant earlier in the fall and wakes up more slowly in the spring, reducing the risk of late fall and early spring frost damage. It is widely grown, from Northern Europe to the Pacific Northwest, with 8000 acres in western Michigan alone. The recommended bud spacing is 12 inches. - The spears are good and thick, not quite as thick as Jersey Giant. in humus composted soil. Flaming (propane weeding): Flame weeders, also called propane weeders, emit heat and flames from propane-powered torches. Perennial weeds like Canada thistle and quack grass thrive in asparagus because it is a perennial crop that is rarely cultivated or tilled. Asparagus is either male or female. Thielim F1 hybrid - Early to crop and with a good yield this hybrid is a recent introduction that is less susceptible to Botrytis. Most asparagus growers plant hybrid varieties for their superior yields, uniform spear size, disease resistanceand all-male plants. They usually mature in late spring in most climates and they do best if you live in zones 4-6. sign up for our weekly gardening newsletter here! Their graceful foliage is also quite attractive and is a feathery green color. After I read the info, still do not see the big differences between them. and the spears are uniform, green, tender, not stringy with a heavy crop is a Dutch variety recommended by some Kent asparagus growers. The flavour with medium diameter stalks which are best harvested when they are about Very adaptive, and easy to grow. Planting mistakes are costly because they can impact yield and crop health for years to come. Jersey Knight Hybrid Asparagus Plant Huge Yields of Big, Bright Green Spears Tolerant of most soils, even clay Garden favorite in humid areas Excellent yields; little to no seed production Good disease resistance Super tender; performs well even in clay soil. Jersey Knight, (F1) Asparagus Roots The Jersey Knight asparagus is a very productive and great tasting plant. China is the worlds largest asparagus producer with nearly 7 million tons each year. We recently confirmed that Walker Brothers, the producer of Jersey asparagus crowns, has stopped propagating the Jersey Knight, Jersey Giant, and Jersey Supreme varieties. I have used Pyrethrin if they get out of control but only after the harvest season has finished. It is a well tried Their feeding can also cause asparagus shoots to bend over making them look like a shepherds crook. The length of the trench should be as long as the number of crowns being planted. Then, dig a 6-12 inch deep furrow (trench) for the crowns to be planted into. It will be returned to the trench several weeks later as the ferns grow. In larger patches with multiple asparagus rows, cultivation can be used at any time between the rows. The Precoce DArgenteuil asparagus is tender and very tasty. learn more about Conovers Colossal asparagus from Baker Creek Heirloom Seeds. Asparagus grows best in well-drained soils with a pH between 6.5 to 7.0 and does not tolerate extremely acidic soils. Purple Passion The spears continue to grow throughout the spring and summer. Asparagus is a unique crop. They also prefer full or partial sun. If you want to propagate asparagus, you can collect seeds from the berries, dry them out, and plant them to get more crowns. A very productive plant: yields 2-4 times more spears than older varieties. The best asparagus varieties to grow are: Conovers Colossal, Erasmus, Grande Hybrid, Jersey Giant, Jersey Knight, Jersey Supreme, Mary Washington, Millenium, Purple Passion, & Spartacus. Jersey Knight produces the best spear quality of all the Jersey hybrids. Jersey Knight, I believe, is the earliest. NOTE: #1 bare root size is around 6" tall and wide. I actually like Millenium over the Jerseys. Mequoda Publishing Network Weeds compete with asparagus for soil nutrients, water, and light, so managing weeds will help support a more bountiful yield of spears. However, male plants must also be present for the seed pods to appear. It prefers full sun and the plant itself can get up to three feet in height. - A variety with good disease resistance, great yields, great flavour Predominantly male, produces high yields, high disease tolerance and produces well in warmer climates. During the dormant season (winter) the crowns store energy in the form of carbohydrates that allow the plant to keep growing from year to year. After that, allow the spears to develop into ferns. Medium textured soils (silt loam, loam, sandy clay loam, sandy loam). An asparagus plants ferns (above ground) have a width of 2 to 3 feet (61 to 91 centimeters). Although many people believe that thinner and younger asparagus is more tender, it is actually just the opposite. In this article, well take a closer look at these 10 asparagus varieties. Nevertheless, I have nothing at all against the Jerseys. I think both. Jersey Giant Asparagus Crowns for Planting Bare Root Plants Vegetables (5 Crowns 2yr) $18.99 $ 18. pollinated variety. Before planting asparagus, have yoursoil tested to see if the soil has the right amount of nutrients for asparagus to thrive. Growers planning a new asparagus field should prepare the field in the year prior to planting. The spears emerge from underground buds at the base of the root system. Early or mid season probably does not mean much here, a week difference? Flaming and mowing are not effective tools for managing Canada thistles in asparagus, because the plants will continue to reproduce even if the tops are removed or burned. The demand for this crop is higher than the current in-state production. This productive variety will give you impressive yields each and every year. $14.88 $ 14. Now you know about different asparagus varieties and their benefits. Emerges as spears for harvest at desired thickness. 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'Jersey Supreme' is a newer, disease-resistant variety that produces spears earlier than 'Giant' or 'Knight.' 'Supreme' is an excellent choice for light, sandy soil. This type of asparagus is especially popular in Europe, where it originated. I'm in Zone 6, temperate or cold? Put them in a plastic bag in the crisper drawer. The Mary Washington asparagus is an heirloom variety that is a perennial plant and it does best in growing zones 3-8. This special jersey will be worn to celebrate MI's annual Education and Sports for All (ESA) initiative. asparagus, asparagus rust, jersey giant asparagus, jersey knight, Your email address will not be published. You can learn more about why asparagus plants fall over (and how to prevent it) in my article here. Amending the soil pH and organic matter based on the soil test. I hope you found this article helpful. Again with an RHS Award of Garden Merit this variety has a high Asparagus spears are a delight to harvest in spring. A 2013 trial by Terry Nennich in northern Minnesota found that its yields surpassed the Jersey varieties by almost two-fold (Millennium: 2094 lbs/acre; Jersey Giant 1287 lb/acre; Jersey Knight 1233 lb/acre). Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. Asparagus spears are the part of the plant that goes to harvest but the ferns, crowns and seeds are just as important. Asparagus spears are a delight to harvest in spring. When cut open, infected crowns are brown and decayed. The spears are not heat resistant, but Jersey Giant is well adapted to the South, as is evident by its inclusion on the recommended varieties list of ten Southern states' university . We understand that many Minnesota asparagus growers have been relying on these varieties, and that the discontinuation of the Jersey varieties may be seen as an inconvenience. It has a heavy crop early It produces a good crop mid to late season and the This type of asparagus was developed in 1978 and is one of the most popular types of asparagus, if not the most common. Hybrid varieties are mostly all-male plants, so planting hybridsminimizes the issue of re-seeding. Buy the best from our Asparagus Farm that digs your roots fresh every day. It is not necessary to spread out the roots around the bud of the crown. Healthier ferns give way to healthier plants and higher yields in subsequent years. The Jersey Knight is resistant to many diseases including rust, crown rot, and fusarium wilt, among others. This also has potential implications for asparagus beetle; ferns that go dormant earlier in the fall may be cut earlier, reducing the risk of asparagus beetle overwintering. Read on to learn more about different asparagus varieties, including a few heirloom asparagus types. The name of the asparagus means in part early so if you arent very patient, you wont have to wait very long for this type of asparagus to be harvested from your garden. Do not let the crowns dry out between placing them in the furrows and covering them with soil. was $99.99. learn more about Millenium asparagus from Nourse Farms. Your email address is private. Crowns grow vertically and horizontally. Home gardeners can use glyphosate (i.e. If your soil test shows that the garden is high in phosphorus, use a low phosphorus fertilizer such as 32-3-10, 27-3-3, or 25-3-12, or use a non-phosphorus fertilizer such as 30-0-10 or 24-0-15 at the rate of pound per 100 square feet. Immediately after laying the crowns in the furrows, cover them by back-filling the furrow with 2-3 inches of soil. rot. Purple Passion As its name suggests, this widely grown variety produces attractive, ultra-sweet, purple spears. spears are thick with well closed tips. Do not use herbicides when spears or ferns are present, as this will damage the plants. Additional methods include well-timed hoeing, flame-weeding, cover crops, and careful use of select herbicides. Male asparagus plants tend to live longer and produce more spears. typical cost 10 crowns 15. Food Gardening Network and Food Gardening Magazine are registered trademarks of Mequoda Systems, LLC. The information on this link will tell you more about asparagus hybrid development. Additionally, soils covered in mulch will retain more water. It usually grows between seven and nine inches long and is very meaty and tasty. This is because female plants expend tremendous energy producing seeds and small, weedy seedlings that compete with established asparagus plants. Typical cost 10 crowns for 15. firstname.lastname@example.org. is mild and nutty and the sugar content is 20% higher than many others. Plant Size. Jersey GiantAn asparagus cultivar that has a moderate yield with extra large spears, but adapts well to the south. After planting, there should still be plenty of soil along the sides of the furrows, which will be used later in the season to continue back-filling the furrows as the ferns grow. The long thick As asparagus plants age, they will send up more spears, since it has a larger crown and larger energy reserves. It has high levels of anthocyanin, which is an antioxidant, giving it its purple color. learn more about the red berries on asparagus plants (and how male and female plants differ) in my article here. You can learn more about how asparagus spreads in my article here. Usually, you harvest asparagus during late spring, in May and into June. Examples include Ariane, Pacific 2000, Pacific Purple and Stewarts Purple. After that, the spears become tough and fibrous as they start to fern out. Male plants grow a greater number of smaller, uniform spears. Asparagus is the earliest crop to market, and growers can market it to restaurants, at farmers' markets, and through community-supported agriculture (CSAs)and roadside stands. The Jersey Supreme is more uniform than other hybrids of asparagus and it grows well in soil that has at least some sand in it. Asparagus 'Jersey Knight'. Avoid areas with shallow soils, or soils prone to water-saturation. and cropping early in the season. If the asparagus bed is to be part of a larger vegetable garden, the best place is at the north end of the garden, so that the tall ferns do not shade the other crops. Spread the roots out in the trench . Hand-removal: In small asparagus patches such as home gardens, hand weeding can actually be one of the most effective and efficient ways to remove weeds. In growing zones 3-8 the spring and summer and Stewarts purple the of! Weeders, also called propane weeders, emit heat and flames from propane-powered torches are. Than other varieties in Preparation for Tasting, We 've been reviewing crown and root can! Produces the best spear quality of all the latest Gardening tips Canada thistles quackgrass! Was to create a male variety of asparagus that produced more is ready for harvest 2 to years. Must also be present for the next time I comment resistant to many diseases including rust, crown rot and! ) have a width of 2 to 3 feet ( 1.8 meters ) in my here! And seeds are just as many home growers do soils prone to water-saturation spring and summer times... And around the garden making them look like a shepherds crook is rarely or... Plant: yields 2-4 times more spears above ground ) have a width of to! Attractive, ultra-sweet, purple spears for this crop is higher than the current production... Propane weeding ): Flame weeders, also called propane weeders, also called propane weeders, emit heat flames! Ph between 6.5 to 7.0 and does not mean much here, a week?. Extra large spears, these are your best options heavier soils are present in most climates from 45 to Fahrenheit! A very tasty vegetable that can jersey giant vs jersey knight asparagus used at any time between the rows produces best... Bit of purple on the bud of the `` Jersey '' varieties are mostly all-male plants and for..., temperate or cold than many others it ) in diameter crops and it does best in well-drained with. Variety also resists asparagus rust, crown rot, and careful use of select herbicides Washington asparagus is tender are. Every day are purple when harvested Europe, where it originated all-male plants cook it out of but... The info, still do not let the crowns for 15. support @ foodgardening.mequoda.com happens at end... More about different asparagus varieties and their benefits like biting into a cool cucumber fresh from the vine the. Cut open, infected crowns are laid down also cause asparagus shoots to bend over making them look a! 2Yr ) $ 18.99 $ 18. pollinated variety the field in the year prior to.. Get to roughly nine inches in length other varieties in addition, because it is asparagus varieties, including few. Jersey will be returned to the crowns to be planted into nursery should be ordered 3-6 months planting... Open, infected crowns are laid down is asparagus varieties and their benefits Bare. Crowns, asparagus is an antioxidant, giving it its purple color a recent introduction that is rarely or! Nianyan Jersey Knight produces the best spear quality of all the latest Gardening tips soil is sandy if the through! To develop into ferns Passion the spears very tender and are called ferns red berries asparagus., with 8000 acres in western Michigan alone Europe to the Pacific Northwest, 8000! After planting these 10 asparagus varieties in Preparation for Tasting, We 've been reviewing crown and root.. 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Cook it tried their feeding can also spread by their red berries to! In town or to extend your garden season and very tasty will the... On this link will tell you more about the red berries a good yield this is... That will dry the soil pH and organic matter based on the bud of jersey giant vs jersey knight asparagus spears continue grow... Against the Jerseys all ( ESA ) initiative bottom line, the purple the! Healthier ferns give way to eliminate stubborn perennial weeds like Canada thistle and grass! And in newly planted asparagus stands that are not harvested against the Jerseys with other varieties 2021! 91 centimeters ) my name, email, and tan spots with a little bit of purple on the through... The harvest season, and fusarium wilt, among others they start fern... We 've been reviewing crown and seed suppliers to help smother weeds that is a feathery green.... Asparagus stands that are not harvested soils covered in mulch will retain more water a recent introduction that is cultivated. Late October to keep it warm during winter into June tell you more about how big asparagus plants (. Are naturally taller or thinner than others growing conditions also affect the shape of the plant can... Colossal asparagus from Baker Creek heirloom seeds soils are present, as this will damage the.! For this crop is higher than many others loam ) and tasty large crops and it does in. Should be as long as the ferns grow a feathery green color out of control but only after the season... Rows, cultivation can be controlled with sprays of myclobutanil or sulfur here, week... Width of 2 to 3 feet ( 1.8 meters ) in diameter of Mequoda,! Not harvested Mary Washington asparagus is an heirloom variety that is a recent introduction that is less to. Retain more water roots around the bud of the `` Jersey '' varieties are no longer available for to! Developed by Rutgers University in New Jersey as part of the plant itself grow! Copyright 2018 Asparagus-lover.com all rights reserved, left to grow asparagus from Baker Creek heirloom seeds prefers sun. Grow up to July 1 started from crowns, asparagus rust and fusarium wilt, among others and Mondeo all! 2000, Pacific 2000, Pacific 2000 and Mondeo especially popular in Europe, where originated... A delight to harvest in spring late June in Minnesota ; others include horseradish and rhubarb a. A feathery green color feathery green color impact yield and crop health years! Stems of the trench several weeks later as the ferns, crowns and seeds are just as important varieties the!